The Photographer

Art, Craft, and Automation

The Photographer

Studio Pan, 1964. Preus Museum collection

NMFF.SP.LK.0065-5  

From 18.11.21
To 24.04.22

There are many points of entry into the history of photography. This exhibition focuses on the roles and practices of Norwegian photographers from 1940 and until the present.  

From the Second World War on, the field of photography witnessed growth, specialization, and increased professionalization. The rules and regulations protecting the field were revised, traditional modes of training were updated, and new training programmes were set up. Many new institutions that either worked for photographers or focused on photography came into being. The increased use of photographic images led to a rise in commissions and permanent positions.

 

For the producers of these images, the changes were noticeable in the creation of new identities and dividing lines related to their roles as independent freelancers and staff photographers. Above all, the question of who exactly was entitled to call themselves a professional photographer proved contentious. For those making their living from photography, it was imperative to draw a sharp distinction between themselves and amateur photographers in order to secure their own position.

 

The first association of professional photographers in Norway, founded in 1894 as Fagfotografenes Forening and later renamed Norges Fotografforbund, tackled this question by emphasizing professionalization and regulation. This would also become a priority for other associations of professional photographers that emerged both before and after the Second World War. During this era, art photographers went from being amateurs to professionals and began to distinguish themselves from other photographers.

 

But who exactly were professional photographers around 1940 – and who are they today? And how are changes in the roles and practices of photographers reflected in other social developments in Norway from the Second World War and until the present?

 

Curator: Hege Oulie

© Pål Hermansen, The Smoke and the Birds, 1973. Silver gelatine on baryta. Preus Museum collection.

Hermansen is a longtime member (and also an honorary member) of Norske Naturfotografer (Norwegian Narure Photographers). This image was rewarded in the UNEP Environmental Photography Contest.

[Scroll to see the image in full frame version]

Pål Hermansen

© Solveig Greve, Flåmsdalen, 1976. Cibachrome. Preus Museum collection.

The color photography of Flåmsdalen was shown at the exhibition "Photography here and now" at Henie Onstad Kunstsenter in connection with the five-year anniversary of the Association of Free Photographers (Forbundet Frie Fotografer- FFF). This was the same year that Greve applied for admission as a member of FFF.

[Scroll to see the image in full frame version]

Solveig Greve

© Ida Skivenes, The Little Prince, 2013. Preus Museum collection

Skivenes started the account @Idafrosk on Instagram in 2012. She quickly gained many followers and shared creative breakfast dishes with the whole world. In 2013 she published a book in both Norwegian and English. The English edition was given the catchy title "Eat your Art Out: Playful Breakfast."

[Scroll further to see a selection of Skivenes' pictures]

 

Media_bok_LittlePrince kopi
Unknown photographer, Meeting in "Norges Fotografforbund", Kristiansand 1948. Silver gelatine on baryta. From the archive of Nils Andreas Jacobsen. Preus Museum collection
© Pål Hermansen, The Smoke and the Birds, 1973. Awarded in the UNEP Environmental Photography Contest. Silver gelatine on baryta. Preus Museum collection.
© Solveig Greve, Flåmsdalen, 1976. Cibachrome. Preus Museum collection.The color photography of Flåmsdalen was shown at the exhibition "Photography here and now" at Henie Onstad Kunstsenter in connection with the five-year anniversary of the Association of Free Photographers (Forbundet Frie Fotografer- FFF). This was the same year that Greve applied for admission as a member of FFF.
©Ida Skivenes, A selection of motifs from Skivenes Instagram account Idafrosk 2012-2013. Inkjet print. Preus Museum collectionSkivenes started the account @Idafrosk on Instagram in 2012. She quickly gained many followers and shared creative breakfast dishes with the whole world. In 2013 she published a book in both Norwegian and English. The English edition was given the catchy title "Eat your Art Out: Playful Breakfast." 
© Harald Henden / VG, Baghdad city center, April 2003. Preus Mueum collection. Copyright Henden / VG. US troops have stormed the rally in Baghdad, where Saddam Hussein was holding all his military parades. The swords in the background are the victory monuments after the Iran / Iraq war.  
©Andrea Gjestvang, Everybody Knows This is Nowhere #4, 2010-2011. Published in the bookk New Journal of Photography 1#. Inkjetprint. Preus Museum collection